Is social media fueling physique picture problems and disordered dining?


In a contemporary learn about printed within the Consuming Behaviors magazine, researchers assessed the affect of social media (SM) utilization on physique picture and disordered dining behaviors.

Study: The impact of social media use on body image and disordered eating behaviors: Content matters more than duration of exposure. Image Credit: /

Find out about: The affect of social media use on physique picture and disordered dining behaviors: Content material issues greater than length of publicity. Symbol Credit score: /


SM utilization has greater prior to now decade, with round 72% of adults in america (US) reporting the use of no less than one SM community in 2021.

The coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic could have contributed to the expanding use of SM, particularly within the younger inhabitants.

Whilst SM provides advantages corresponding to social interactions and peer make stronger, rising proof suggests the prospective detrimental affect of SM on psychological well being and high quality of existence, together with imaginable associations of SM utilization with disordered dining and deficient physique picture.

In regards to the learn about

The existing learn about estimated SM utilization patterns, disordered dining behaviors, and physique picture disturbances by way of surveying two various cohorts of undergraduate scholars in 2015 and 2022. Contributors reported gender, age, race/ethnicity, weight, top, the quantity and form of SM accounts, and the time spent on every SM platform.

The 13-item physique appreciation scale (BAS) was once used to quantify contributors’ appreciate for and acceptance in their our bodies. The six-item worry of detrimental look analysis scale (FNAES) was once used to inspect contributors’ considerations about detrimental look analysis by way of other folks.

The frequency of binge dining, laxative use, and vomiting prior to now 28 days was once quantified the use of the dining dysfunction exam questionnaire (EDE-Q).

In 2022, contributors described the affect of the COVID-19 pandemic on SM use. They indicated if the SM networks allowed them to view various content material and what kind of they sought content material on weight reduction and physique positivity. Demographics and SM patterns have been in comparison the use of chi-squared and unbiased pattern t-tests.

Adjustments in SM utilization and measures of disordered dining and physique picture have been tested the use of univariate analyses of variance (ANOVAs). A couple of regression analyses have been carried out the use of the 2022 knowledge to check if SM utilization, content material, or their interactions may expect disordered dining and physique dissatisfaction.


Contributors didn’t considerably range in reasonable age and BMI within the 2015 and 2022 cohorts. Respondents in 2022 have been extra racially/ethnically various than their 2015 opposite numbers.

The authors famous that contributors within the 2022 cohort spent extra time day-to-day on SM networks than the 2015 contributors.

Additionally, ladies had upper SM utilization and extra SM accounts at both time. Contributors in 2022 have been much more likely to make use of TikTok, YouTube, and Snapchat and no more most probably to make use of Twitter and Fb in comparison to 2015 contributors. Using Instagram was once equivalent between the 2 samples.

Within the 2022 cohort, 64% of contributors reported the use of extra SM because the pandemic started, 22.6% indicated no pandemic-related adjustments, and 11% reported lowered utilization.

Over 31% of contributors reported certain affects of the pandemic, 29% reported detrimental, and 37.6% reported no affect.

Significantly, respondents in 2022 reported better physique picture disturbances than in 2015. Women folk had decrease BAS ratings and larger worry of detrimental look analysis.

Contributors in 2022 had the next frequency of laxative use and vomiting. Maximum contributors (87%) in 2022 published that SM networks allowed various content material and integrated individuals who gave the impression of them.

Many contributors reported in search of particular content material associated with physique positivity (31%) and weight reduction (23%) on SM platforms, with ladies being much more likely than men to hunt such content material.

Those contributors had upper BMI, better worry of detrimental look analysis, decrease physique appreciation, and better frequency of laxative use and binge dining.

Time spent on SM networks confirmed an inverse affiliation with BAS ratings and a good affiliation with BMI. The staff seen vital results of publicity to SM content material associated with weight reduction on FNAES and BAS ratings and binge dining frequency. Respondents who spent extra time on SM had prime binge dining frequency provided that uncovered to content material associated with weight reduction.


In abstract, contributors in 2022 spent extra time on SM and had extra SM accounts than the 2015 respondents. Many attributed those adjustments in part to the affect of the COVID-19 pandemic and had better disordered dining behaviors and physique picture disturbances than the 2015 contributors.

Time spent and the selection of SM accounts have been unrelated to results. Viewing physique positivity or neutrality content material on SM had no significant results.

Nevertheless, publicity to weight reduction content material on SM was once related to better worry of detrimental look analysis, decrease physique appreciation, and better binge dining frequency.

The findings recommend that interventions to focus on the detrimental penalties of social media will have to focal point on addressing content material ate up slightly than time spent on social media.

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